2010年5月アーカイブ

 A Museum which was established in the 4th century
which is near Tokyo, Kyoto, Nara.
It is administered on a concept "We capture the
formation of Japanese culture from the viewpoint of Asian history".


It is closed on Mondays.

10.Dazaifu Hall

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 You can gather information on sightseeing for
Dazaifu and you can enjoy the experience of baking Umegae rice cake.
There is also a hall with seats for 200 people and as well as rest spaces.


It is closed on Wednesdays.

 The Exhibition Hall contains an ancient drainage
ditch discovered during excavations in Dazaifu.
This is displayed in situ, together with many other
materials and artifacts illustrating Dazaifu's history.

 

It is closed on Mondays.

 This ordination hall, or Kaidanin,
was built in the Nara period as part of Kanzeonji.
Together with Todaiji in Nara and Yakushiji in Tochigi,
it was one of Japan's three official ordination halls.
Those living in Western Japan who wished to enter
the Buddhist priesthood had to be confirmed at
the ordination hall of Kanzeonji, The main image,
a sitting statue of Rushana Buddha (Vairocana),
is a work of the Heian period.
 To the north of Dazaifu City, there is a mountain called Mt.Shioji.
Ono Fortress was built on its summit in 665 A.D. to protect the Dazaifu.
It consisted of a number of buildings surrounded by
a mud and stone embankment 8 kilometers in circumference.
Only part of the embankment and the foundation
stones of about 70storehouses remain today.
Mt.Shioji was originally called
Mt.Ono,a name which often appears in Manyo poetry.
The name Shioji comes from the Shitenno
(Four Deva kings) who were enshrined on the mountain.
 To the northwest part of the city, there is a long,
low embankment cutting directly across the plain.
This is the Mizuki, or "Water Fortres," which was built in 664 A.D.
to defend the Dazaifu against a possible invasion
from Tang China and/or the Korean kingdom of Silla.
All together, the Mizuki is 1.2 kilometers long,
80 meters wide, and 10 meters high.
The name, "Water Fortress" comes from a moat
which used to exist on the Hakata side.
According to archaelogica Investigations,
the moat was 60 meters wide and 4 meters deep.
Smaller embankments of the same type as the
Mizuki are found in Kasuga City and Onojo City.

  Chikuzen Kokubunji Temple (which is located in
the northwest part of the city, at the foot of Mt.Shioji)
was one of the national temples
constructed in each province in accordance with
Emperor Shomu's imperial decree of 741 A.D.
It was a large temple with many buildings,All that
remains today are foundation stones from the
pagoda and lecture hall,and one statue of a sitting
Yakushi Buddha, or "Bhaisajyagura'(which was
the temple's principle image).
 When Kokubunji Temple was built,a provincial
nunnery was also established, Its ruins are said to
lay about 300 meters west of the temple.

 

 The name of Kanzeonji Temple appears in Manyo poetry and in
"The Tale of Genji," a famous novel written by a court lady of the
Heian period. Kanzeonji was built in memory of the late Empress
Saimei by her son, Emperor Tenji. After its completion in 746 A.D.,
it became the most important Buddhist establishment in Kyushu,
exerting a great influence on all other temples in the region. Now,
only a bronze Bonsho bell, which is the oldest one in Japan, and a
number of Buddhist statues survive to tell us of its history.

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